When your enamel is destroyed, you cannot grow it back. It needs to be taken care of because it protects against any physical and chemical damage and is the first line of defence for your teeth. Your mouth goes through a lot of activity daily. For example, you use your mouth to eat and chew, and through enamel erosion, your teeth begin to wear-and-tear from exposure to dangerous chemicals from food and fluids.
The enamel is the hardest substance in the body, placed on the outer layer of your tooth surface. Ultimately, to maintain a positive appearance and smiling confidence, you want to make sure the enamel is fed the right mineral properties for remineralization, an organic process that continuously repairs the enamel and keeps it strong for long-term protection to your smile.
There is also the process of demineralization, the reverse to remineralization where healthy minerals are replaced by acids from harmful bacteria in dental plaque caused by non-bacterial sources. Enamel erosion causes symptoms such as discolouration and sensitivity and exposes your oral health to harm.
That’s why it is important that your enamel receives the required nourishment from vital mineral properties such as calcium, phosphate and phosphorous.
Below breaks down the key causes of enamel erosion.
The food and drink you consume is a massive culprit for enamel erosion. Not just any food and drink, but those that contain harmful substances to your oral health such as high levels of sugar and acid. Acidity, measured by its ‘pH’ value, states that any pH value lower than 5.5 is considered acidic. Sodas and carbonated drinks have a big impact, and these are drinks you need to stay away from, alongside foods such as citrus fruits, chocolate and candy. Consume food and drink that contain the vital minerals and nutrients your mouth needs for a stronger smile.
Bruxism, the formal term for teeth grinding, occurs where your upper and lower teeth clench and grind together causing wear-and-tear. It is a common habit that occurs during sleep or can be caused by excess stress and anxiety. When teeth clench, this can also cause facial pain and headaches, and tooth wear-and-tear weakens the enamel.
Dental plaque forming on teeth is a sign that your oral routine isn’t as strong as it should be. The bacteria in plaque produce acids that attack your tooth enamel, causing enamel erosion and cavities. The bacteria in plaque is also a strong indication of gingivitis (or gum disease). Ensure that you’re brushing and flossing your teeth twice a day and ensure your mouth is kept clean at all times, especially after eating. Click here to learn all about dental plaque build-up.
Low Saliva Levels
Low saliva levels are a sign of dehydration, and your salivary glands aren’t producing enough excess water in the mouth. Saliva helps to protect your mouth from bacteria build-up and enamel erosion because it washes away any food remains in the mouth, keeping your mouth clean. With low saliva levels, excessive tooth brushing and chewing on hard foods can cause enamel erosion. You want to ensure that you consume water regularly throughout the day so your mouth remains moist.
To ensure that you strengthen your enamel, maintain a strong oral routine comprising of a balanced diet full of calcium, phosphate and phosphorous. Make sure you’re regularly brushing and flossing your teeth and drink plenty of water throughout the day. This will keep plaque levels low and ensure your enamel is reaping the benefits of strong nutritious value for a stronger smile.